151 Results

Context To safeguard insect pollinators and their pollination services, we need to understand how landscape structure regulates the distribution of resources that sustain pollinator populations. However, evidence of how pollinator communities benefit from the variety of resources distributed across different habitat types is scarce.Objectives...


Nations’ food consumption patterns are increasingly globalized and trade dependent. Natural resources used for agriculture (e.g., water, pollinators) are hence being virtually exchanged across countries. Inspired by the virtual water concept, we, herein, propose the concept of virtual biotic pollination flow as an indicator of countries’ mutual...


Overgrazing largely causes biodiversity loss and landdegradation in drylands. Studying the relationship betweenmultiple biodiversity (MBD) across trophic levels andecosystem multifunctionality (EMF) is becoming a frontier inecosystem science. Here, by synthesizing the impacts ofgrazing on MBD and EMF in drylands, we found that theresponse of...


Ecosystem Services (ESS) are used inefficiently in cities due to present land-use patterns that have been shaped through centuries. Though ESS are provided by biodiversity in grasslands, forests, wetlands, etc. in rural areas, they are produced in rural lands and are mostly used in urban areas. Beneficiaries of achieving land consolidation to...


The aim of the methodology developed in these guidelines is to introduce a harmonized international approach for assessing the impacts of livestock on biodiver-sity. The livestock sector is a major user of natural resources (land in particular) and an important contributor to pollution (e.g. causing nutrient losses, increasing greenhouse gas...


As the world population continues to rise, new ways are needed to sustainably increase agricultural production, improve supply chains, reduce food losses and waste, and ensure access to nutritious food for all at all times.


This study provides a short overview of the contributions that biodiversity for food and agriculture (BFA) makes to the delivery of ecosystem services. It is intended to complement material provided in the country reports submitted as inputs to the report on The State of the World’s Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture (SoW-BFA). BFA is a...


When Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Professor Wangari Maathai, launched her ’Green Belt Movement’ in the 1970s in Kenya she could not have imagined that initiatives such as hers to plant trees on a large scale would become so prevalent in the 21st century. Today, governments and companies alike are pledging to plant millions, billions and even a...


This report presents a scientific blueprint for how climate change, biodiversity loss and pollution can be tackled jointly within the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals. The report is a synthesis based on evidence from

global environmental assessments. It has been a privilege to oversee the production and peer review of the...