164 Results

Globally, collapse of ecosystems—potentially irreversible change to ecosystem structure, composition and function—imperils biodiversity, human health and well-being. We examine the current state and recent trajectories of 19 ecosystems, spanning 58° of latitude across 7.7 M km2, from Australia's coral reefs to terrestrial Antarctica. Pressures...


n this paper we afford a quantitative analysis of the sustainability of current world population growth in relation to the parallel deforestation process adopting a statistical point of view. We consider a simplified model based on a stochastic growth process driven by a continuous time random walk, which depicts the technological evolution of...


Major declines in insect biomass and diversity, reviewed here, have become obvious and well documentedsince the end of World War II. Here, we conclude that the spread and intensification of agriculture during thepast half century is directly related to these losses. In addition, many areas, including tropical mountains, aresuffering serious...


Biodiversity is under siege, with greatly enhanced rates of local and global extinction and the decline of once-abundant species. Current rates of human-induced climate change and land use forecast the Anthropoceneas one of the most devastating epochs for life on earth. How do we handle the Anthropocene triple challenge of preventing...


Plans are currently being drafted for the next decade of action on biodiversity— both the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework of the Convention on Bio- logical Diversity (CBD) and Biodiversity Strategy of the European Union (EU). Freshwater biodiversity is disproportionately threatened and underprioritized relative to the marine and...


Traditional and Indigenous knowledge has successfully preserved and restored biodiversity across theglobe. However, its recognition as being as equally valid as Western science as a way of knowing remainslacking. If we are to preserve global biodiversity and rewild key habitats, science and Indigenous knowledgemust work in partnership while...


Accelerating climate and land-use change are rapidly transforming Earth’s biodiversity. While there is substantial evidence on the exposure and vulnerability of biodiversity to global change at the species level, the global exposure of intraspecific genetic diversity (GD) is still unknown. Here, we assess the exposure of mitochondrial GD to mid-...


BEHIND THE PAPERIndigenous knowledge: From local to globalThis article belongs toAmbio’s 50th Anniversary Collection. Theme: BiodiversityConservationMadhav Gadgil, Fikret Berkes, Carl FolkeWhen the three of us (Gadgil, Berkes and Folke) startedworking together in 1992 in Stockholm at the BeijerInstitute of Ecological Economics, we discovered a...


Brazil has become an agricultural powerhouse, producing roughly 30 % of the world’s soy and 15 % of its beef by
2013 – yet historically much of that growth has come at the expense of its native ecosystems. Since 1985,
pastures and croplands have replaced nearly 65 Mha of forests and savannas in the legal Amazon. A growing
body...


This paper provides recommendations for how government decision-makers can incorporate the full potential of forests for climate change mitigation and adaptation in NDCs under the Paris Agreement. It seeks to inform policymakers in developing measurable policies and actions for NDCs and other national climate strategies and policy documents....