216 Results

Urban ecosystem service (UES) is becoming an influential concept to guide the planning, design, and management of urban landscapes towards urban sustainability. However, its use is hindered by definitional ambiguity, and the conceptual bases underpinning its application remain weak. This is exemplified by two different but equally valid...


Plans are currently being drafted for the next decade of action on biodiversity— both the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework of the Convention on Bio- logical Diversity (CBD) and Biodiversity Strategy of the European Union (EU). Freshwater biodiversity is disproportionately threatened and underprioritized relative to the marine and...


This study provides a short overview of the contributions that biodiversity for food and agriculture (BFA) makes to the delivery of ecosystem services. It is intended to complement material provided in the country reports submitted as inputs to the report on The State of the World’s Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture (SoW-BFA). BFA is a...


Using a territorial and integrative approach based on ecological and socioeconomic factors, we envisioninnovative policies and initiatives aiming to reconcile urban economic development with rural conser-vation and restoration projects. The Paraíba Valley of São Paulo State represents an example of territorywhere the region’s urban development...


Increasing interest in measuring, modelling and valuing ecosystem services (ES), the benefits that ecosystems provide to people, has resulted in the development of an array of ES assessment tools in recent years. Selecting an appropriate tool for measuring and modelling ES can be challenging. This document provides guidance for practitioners on...


Cultural ecosystem services (CES) reflect peoples’ physical and cognitive interactions with nature and are increasingly recognised for providing non-material benefits to human societies. Whereas coasts, seas, and oceans sustain a great proportion of the human population, CES provided by these ecosystems have remained largely unexplored....


This paper provides an in-depth review of experiences and insights from mainstreaming biodiversity
and development in South Africa. More specifically, it describes how biodiversity considerations have
been mainstreamed in five key sectors/areas, namely: land use planning, mining, water, infrastructure, and
the agricultural...


The range and use of ecosystem services provided by urban sacred sites has hardly been considered in studies of urban ecology, sustainability and human wellbeing. This paper examines the perceived ecosystem services supplied by green spaces or gardens associated with places of religious worship and appreciated by worshippers in a mid-sized town...


Ecosystem services are vital to human survival and wellbeing, and the judicious management of the systems that produce these benefits is essential. Ecosystem service indicators are increasingly recognized as a key part of assessing whether ecosystem services are being managed appropriately and used sustainably.

Developing ecosystem...


This Technical guidance document was prepared in the context of the eu-funded project “capacity-Building related to multilateral environmental agreements (meas) in acP countries – Phase 2”. Fao implemented the first phase of the project focusing on the elimination of obsolete pesticide stockpiles and capacity development for improved pesticide...