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There is no doubt that insect pollination is a vital service for agricultural systems. Without insect pollinators, roughly a third of the world’s crops would flower, only to fade and then lie barren. Pollinators ensure abundant fruits and vegetables. Of all insect pollinators, bees are the most important. In the US alone, the value of...


This protocol is to be applied to focal crops at the farm scale level to (i) detect and assess pollination deficits in field situations in a standard and statistically testable way, and (ii) draw management conclusions from the proposed experiment for possible action to eliminate or at least reduce these deficits. 


As cropland increases, fields become progressively isolated from pollinators, leading to declines in pollinator-dependent crop productivity. With the rise in demand for pollinator-dependent foods, such productivity losses may accelerate conversion of natural areas to cropland. Pollination–compensation measures involving managed pollinators or...


SANBI researchers, along with colleagues from the University of Pierre and Marie Curie in Paris and the University of Exeter, UK, investigated how the abundance, diversity and functional diversity of pollinators changed with increasing mango field size (i.e., distance to natural vegetation). Their findinds suggest the planting of small patches...