Climate change caused by industrial carbon emissions and land use/land cover changes is a widely concerning issue around the world and is closely related to the global carbon cycle. Governments, organizations, and policymakers are paying more attention to climate change than ever before. Many developed and developing countries have made commitments to achieving carbon neutrality. Nevertheless, the first working group on the sixth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports that climate change continues to intensify .
As a terrestrial ecosystem with the largest carbon stocks, forests play an important role in the active mitigation of atmospheric CO2 through increased carbon stocks. However, how can we assess the magnitude of the contribution of forests and forest management to achieving the goals of carbon neutrality? How can we make forests more competent in mitigating climate change? Perhaps we could answer these questions from four perspectives: (a) forest carbon storage accounting, monitoring, and estimation; (b) the evaluation of the forest carbon storage, sequestration rate, and sequestration potential; (c) a forest management decision-support system aiming at carbon sequestration, and (d) forest carbon sequestration management practices.