Presently, the sustainable development of agriculture is the priority for nations, organizations, and generally for the world. Different aspects are considered in the issue of the sustainability of agriculture. In agriculture sustainability evaluation, a holistic approach is needed, that determine the selection of different indicators and important farms` group for the assessment. Environmentally sustainable agriculture is the state, that should be characterized by proper farms organization, as well as biodiversity conservation. Taking into account the need for sustainability, its evaluation gaining importance. The aim of the paper is to present the scope of progress in environmental agriculture sustainability in Poland. Using public statistics for 2005, 2007, and 2016 of Statistics Poland and data about areas with high nature value farmlands (HNVfs), the direction in which tends Polish agriculture was indicated, putting particular attention to agriculture production organization and biodiversity protection. There was used a set of indicators that enable the evaluation of the analyzed phenomenon, based on uniform, national data, and legal documents. Research results indicated that Poland has a great potential for valuable natural farming areas. Environmental development of agriculture is observed.