This guide aims to support Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) that are concerned about human development implications in the draft post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF). It looks at ways to build stronger links between efforts to reduce biodiversity loss and efforts to reduce poverty and/or enhance human wellbeing. It also examines how to mitigate any potential trade-offs. The paper does not provide an exhaustive analysis of how and why links between biodiversity and development are important. Rather, it identifies the most direct links between development issues and the GBF including poverty, health, hunger, education, gender inequality, economic growth, IPLC rights and governance. These development dimensions are all reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which is why we regularly refer to SDG targets and indicators to help identify the development gaps in the post-2020 GBF. This guide is part of a series designed to support CBD negotiators in influencing key aspects of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework where it aligns to their national interests. The series has been developed in response to key issues raised by CBD negotiators at CBD meetings, including the Open Ended Working Group (OEWG), the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) and the Subsidiary Body on Implementation (SBI) as well as other related forums and webinars. It has been developed via literature reviews and interviews with key stakeholders. It has been written by Johannah Bernstein, Valerie Heinz, Renske Schouwink, Marc Meunier, Ebony Holland and Dilys Roe.